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Testicular ischaemia: one of the most unknown of post-EVAR complications

Abstract

Testicular ischaemia after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a very uncommon complication. There are only a few cases reported in the literature and the pathogenesis remains unclear. We report a case of unilateral testicular ischaemia in the early postoperative period after EVAR.

A 78-year-old man underwent standard EVAR without immediate complications. Twenty-four hours after the procedure, the patient developed sudden onset of right scrotal pain and a low-grade fever. Urgent testicular ultrasound showed ischaemic signs compromising 75% of the testicle. The patient was successfully managed with conservative treatment.

Although the pathogenesis is unknown, acute thrombosis of the testicle feeding arteries is postulated as the main hypothesis in the physiopathogenesis.

  • vascular surgery
  • cardiovascular medicine

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