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Cervical adenitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus in a newborn
  1. Crisbety Pinho1,
  2. Nuno Serra de Almeida2,
  3. Joaquim Tiago3 and
  4. Ana Ratola3
  1. 1Pediatric Department, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, EPE, Coimbra, Portugal
  2. 2Pediatric Department, Centro Hospitalar Tondela Viseu, EPE, Viseu, Portugal
  3. 3Department of Neonatology, Maternidade Doutor Daniel de Matos, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, EPE, Coimbra, Portugal
  1. Correspondence to Dr Crisbety Pinho; crisbetypinho{at}


Cervical acute lymphadenitis is rarely described in neonates. We present the case of a 12-day-old preterm, fed by nasogastric tube, who presented a tender erythematous submandibular swelling. Laboratory data showed neutrophilia and an elevation of C reactive protein and procalcitonin. Ultrasound findings suggested cellulitis and adenitis with abscess. The culture of the drainage material identified methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus. With the administration of the right antibiotic treatment, a good clinical outcome was observed.

  • neonatal intensive care
  • nosocomial infections
  • skin

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  • Contributors CP gathered the data, and drafted and edited the manuscript. NSA and JT made significant contributions to the content of the manuscript. AR was involved in the critical revision of the article and gave final approval of the version to be published.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.