Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is an uncommon antibody-mediated disease of the central nervous system, often associated with aquaporin-4 antibodies (AQP4-Ab). NMOSD may present as a subacute myelopathy, progressing over days with MRI revealing a contiguous inflammatory lesion of the spinal cord, ≥3 vertebral segments, a longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis. We describe an unusual paraneoplastic form of AQP4-Ab NMOSD that developed in a patient with an advanced diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The patient had an unusual hyperacute onset, reaching a clinical nadir within hours.
- haematology (drugs and medicines)
- neurology (drugs and medicines)
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Contributors MG: participated directly in the patient’s clinical care, and the construction, image formatting and editing of this manuscript. RW: the patient was under his care as he is a consultant neurologist. He participated in the construction and editing of this manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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