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‘H-syndrome’: a multisystem genetic disorder with cutaneous clues
  1. Krishna Shantilal Mori,
  2. Karthik Balachandran,
  3. Adyne Reena Asirvatham and
  4. Shriraam Mahadevan
  1. Department of Endocrinology, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Krishna Shantilal Mori; krishna131mori{at}gmail.com

Abstract

We present a case of a 25-year-old man who came to our Endocrine Clinic for evaluation of short stature. He had a history of sensorineural hearing loss, hypertrichosis and hyperpigmentation with the thickening of the skin below the hip, gynecomastia and autoimmune haemolytic anaemia. Investigations showed that he had hypergonadotropic hypogonadism. His phenotype was consistent with that of a rare autosomal recessive genodermatosis of ‘H-syndrome’. The diagnosis was confirmed by genetic analysis using next-generation sequencing which showed a homozygous mutation in the SLC29A3 gene (variant: c.1330G>T (p.Glu444Ter)) which was confirmed by Sanger sequencing. This is a rare syndrome with around 100 cases reported in world literature. Though the skin manifestations are pathognomonic of the H-syndrome, it has myriad presentations like short stature, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, hypogonadism, hypothyroidism, dyslipidaemia, cardiac anomalies and sensorineural hearing loss. We report this case to highlight the constellation of features of this rare syndrome and bring awareness among the physicians to be vigilant about this syndrome.

  • genetics
  • dermatology
  • endocrinology

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Footnotes

  • Contributors KSM was responsible for patient management and manuscript preparation. KB helped in manuscript editing. ARA was responsible for patient management. SM was involved in patient management and manuscript editing.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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