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A rare case of spontaneous haemothorax in patient with haemophilia A
  1. Suthaphong Tripoppoom1 and
  2. Nophol Leelayuwatanakul2
  1. 1Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
  2. 2Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
  1. Correspondence to Dr Nophol Leelayuwatanakul; l.nophol{at}


Haemorrhage in patients with haemophilia is common after minor trauma but may occur spontaneously. Despite the diversity of bleeding sites, spontaneous haemothorax, on a non-traumatic basis, is an exceedingly rare event and only a few cases had been reported. We present a case of a 43-year-old man with a history of haemophilia A who had pleuritic chest pain for 1 day without significant history of trauma. Diagnostic thoracentesis showed bloody pleural fluid in which neither abnormal cell nor organism was found. He was treated by cryoprecipitate replacement and therapeutic thoracentesis for releasing haemothorax. After discharge, the patient returned for follow-up with complete radiological resolution. Regarding the consequences of retained haemothorax from conservative approach and the procedure-related bleeding of given therapeutic intervention in haemothorax making its management in patients with haemophilia to be more challenging. Our case illustrates a conservative treatment of spontaneous haemothorax in patient with haemophilia resulting in a good clinical outcome.

  • haematology (incl blood transfusion)
  • general practice / family medicine

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  • Contributors Conceptualisation, Writing—original draft: both authors. Writing—review and editing: NL. Both authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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