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Congenital renal arteriovenous malformation: a rare cause of visible haematuria
  1. Ravi Banthia1,
  2. Abhay Kumar1,
  3. Raghunandan Prasad2 and
  4. Hira Lal2
  1. 1Urology and Renal Transplantation, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
  2. 2Department of Radiodiagnosis, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Hira Lal; hiralal2007{at}


We report a case of renal arteriovenous malformation (AVM) and describe its angioarchitecture and endovascular management. A 28-year-old male patient presented with visible painless haematuria. CT of the abdomen showed a right renal AVM. Digital subtraction angiography of the right renal vessels showed an AVM of middle and lower pole segmental arteries with communication to a large saccular aneurysm, which was arising from the right main renal vein. Complete occlusion of the AVM was done by using glue (a mixture of n-butyl-cyanoacrylate and lipiodol), resulting in nonvisualisation of the aneurysm on angiography. His vital signs were stable during the procedure. Follow-up CT after 12 months showed no residual flow in the aneurysm, normal upper pole renal parenchyma and nonvisualisation of AVM. Early diagnosis of this clinical entity is of paramount importance for proper management as it can cause massive blood loss and rapid clinical deterioration.

  • haematuria
  • interventional radiology
  • radiology

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  • Twitter @RaviBanthia_uro, @abhaymalur

  • Contributors RB conceived the manuscript. RP provided the CT and angiography images. RB and AK prepared the manuscript. HL reviewed and supervised the manuscript. Consent was taken by RB. RP and HL performed the angioembolisation. The final draft was read and approved by all authors.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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