Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Bilateral persistent ophthalmoplegia in a patient with migraine: persistent migraine aura without infarction?


Migraine auras typically last for 5–60 min. An aura that persists for more than a week without evidence of infarction on neuroimaging is called persistent aura without infarction. Persistent migraine aura without infarction is usually described with visual auras. Herein, we are reporting a 24-year-old man who had an attack of a headache with diplopia, vertigo and tinnitus. Tinnitus and vertigo disappeared within 30 min. The headache also disappeared within 6 hours. However, diplopia and ophthalmoplegia persisted for 4 weeks. Secondary causes of bilateral ophthalmoplegia were ruled out by a proper history, clinical examinations and appropriate investigations. A trial with lamotrigine and sodium valproate led to the complete improvement in ophthalmoplegia within 2 weeks. We considered ophthalmoplegia in this patient as ‘persistent brainstem aura without infarction’. We suggest that a possibility of persistent migraine aura without infarction should be considered in all migraineurs who have unexplained and persistent neurological symptoms.

  • headache (including migraines)
  • neuro-opthalmology

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.