Bartter syndrome (BS) is a well-recognised inherited tubular dysfunction that causes polyuria, metabolic alkalosis and hypokalaemia. Among BS cases, antenatal/neonatal BS (ABS) usually shows distinct polyhydramnios prenatally and presents features of BS in the early neonatal period. We encountered a premature infant with type 3 ABS presenting with mild polyuria and discuss the pathogenesis of mild polyuria in type 3 ABS. A male infant was born at 31 weeks’ gestation. His mother received amniocentesis because of polyhydramnios. Hyponatraemia and hypokalaemia appeared within 3 days after birth. Metabolic alkalosis, hyperreninaemia and hyperaldosteronism were also identified. Temporary polyuria developed at 1 month after birth; however, the mean urine output during hospitalisation was within the normal range. CLCNKB compound heterozygous mutations were confirmed. Polyuria of type 3 ABS may be less severe than in other types of ABS. Lower urine sodium loss may be a characteristic feature of type 3 ABS.
- congenital disorders
- neonatal and paediatric intensive care
- renal medicine
- fluid electrolyte and acid-base disturbances
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