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Recurrent pleural effusion secondary to endometriosis: a rare malady
  1. Seethala Chittemsetti1,
  2. Nandakishore Baikunje2,
  3. Giridhar Belur Hosmane2 and
  4. Shubha Bhat3
  1. 1Internal Medicine, KS Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
  2. 2Pulmonary Medicine, KS Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
  3. 3Pathology, KS Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Nandakishore Baikunje; nandanbaikunje{at}


Thoracic endometriosis is a rare entity, wherein thoracic endometrial tissue deposition occurs. Recurrent pleural effusion is one of its manifestations. Diagnosis and treatment are often challenging, owing to the rarity of the condition and recurrences. We present an interesting case of a young woman of childbearing age who presented with recurrent haemorrhagic pleural effusion. She was referred to our centre after her initial video-assisted thoracoscopic biopsy was inconclusive. She was re-evaluated, and video-assisted thoracoscopic biopsy confirmed thoracic endometriosis. She underwent pleurodesis two times and currently on hormonal treatment, maintaining well.

  • obstetrics
  • gynaecology and fertility
  • respiratory system

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  • Contributors SC participated in writing the manuscript. NB and GBH participated in patient care, literature review and reviewing the manuscript. SB participated in pathological diagnosis and reviewing the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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