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Emergency TAVI in cardiogenic shock and cardiorenal syndrome secondary to severe bicuspid aortic stenosis
  1. Luke Byrne,
  2. Peter Wheen and
  3. Stephen O'Connor
  1. Cardiology, St James Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
  1. Correspondence to Dr Luke Byrne; Lubyrne{at}tcd.ie

Abstract

A 78-year man with severe aortic stenosis awaiting elective surgical aortic valve replacement presented with worsening New York Heart Association IV shortness of breath. Despite appropriate heart failure treatment, he deteriorated and developed cardiogenic shock and cardiorenal syndrome which progressed despite inotropic support. A non-contrast-gated CT coronary angiogram was arranged in light of acute renal failure which revealed a bicuspid aortic valve. Three-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography guidance was used to assist annulus sizing. An emergency transcatheter aortic valve replacement (eTAVI) was carried out 5 days into admission with a 34 mm Core Valve Evolut Pro valve with a no contrast technique. The patient’s blood pressure and urine output improved and no procedural complications were encountered. He was discharged after 21 days and has remained well subsequently. This case highlights the utility of eTAVI and demonstrates the feasibility of a no contrast approach.

  • valvar diseases
  • heart failure

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Footnotes

  • Contributors LB gathered clinical information, conducted a literature review and wrote the case report. PW and SO assisted with manuscript redrafting, editing and providing clinical guidance. SO treated the patient and performed the procedure. PW was also involved in the patients care. The authors would like to thank the patient who kindly gave his consent to write up this case report.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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