Leiomyosarcoma is a malignant mesenchymal tumour of smooth muscle origin. It is extremely rare as a primary thyroid cancer with only 33 cases previously described in the literature. We present the case of a 69-year-old Caucasian man who presented with a 5-month history of left cervical lymphadenopathy and a suspicious mass in the left thyroid lobe on ultrasound scan. Left hemithyroidectomy confirmed the diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma. A review of current understanding and approaches to management of this rare condition are discussed.
- nose and throat/otolaryngology
- thyroid disease
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Contributors MTB—primary author and data analysis. TB—secondary author, discussion, data analysis and publication correspondence. UR—assisted in data collection. MS—supervising consultant.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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