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Large exudative retinal detachment with choroidal granuloma unmasking disseminated tuberculosis: imaging and management
  1. Anusha Sachan,
  2. Rohan Chawla and
  3. Suman Lata
  1. Ophthalmology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, Delhi, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Anusha Sachan; sachananusha{at}gmail.com

Abstract

A 26-year-old man presented with diminution of vision in the left eye associated with malaise and occasional mild fever. On fundus examination, the patient had left eye inferior bullous retinal detachment with choroidal granuloma. Systemic examination revealed a non-tender swelling on the right wrist. Correlating ophthalmic and systemic findings, a presumptive diagnosis of left eye exudative retinal detachment with choroidal tuberculoma and tubercular osteomyelitis of the right wrist was made. On imaging, asymptomatic multiorgan involvement was observed in the chest, abdomen and spine. The patient was started on antitubercular treatment along with peribulbar steroid. A reduction in size of exudative retinal detachment and tuberculoma with improvement in vision was noted on serial follow-ups. This case highlights the importance of thorough systemic evaluation in cases of ocular tuberculosis as the eye may not be the primary site but the early presenting feature of disseminated tuberculosis. Local posterior subtenon can be used for faster resolution of exudative retinal detachment and intraocular inflammation.

  • infections
  • bone and joint infections
  • TB and other respiratory infections
  • ophthalmology
  • retina

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Footnotes

  • Twitter @Anusha Sachan

  • Contributors AS: planning, execution and analysis of the study. SL: review and data collection. RC: review and execution.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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