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Rare case of red tears: ocular vicarious menstruation
  1. Soumitra Ghosh,
  2. Sudheer Tale,
  3. Neha Handa and
  4. Ashish Bhalla
  1. Internal Medicine, PGIMER, Chandigarh, Chandigarh, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Soumitra Ghosh; soumitra183{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Bloody tears or haemolacria is a rare clinical entity. It is caused by various ocular and systemic conditions. Haemolacria due to vicarious menstruation is even rarer. In this article, we presented a case of cyclical episodes of bloody tears coinciding with menstrual cycle in a 25-year-old married female patient. Extensive physical, ophthalmological and radiological evaluation failed to reveal other potential causes of her complaint. A diagnosis of ocular vicarious menstruation was made and she was treated with oral contraceptive pills. No such episode recurred during 3 months follow-up period.

  • ophthalmology
  • obstetrics and gynaecology

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Footnotes

  • Twitter @DrSoumitraGhos1

  • Contributors SG: concept, design, intellectual content, literature search, manuscript preparation and review. ST: concept, design, intellectual content, literature search, manuscript preparation and review. NH: design, literature search, manuscript preparation. AB: concept, design, intellectual content, manuscript review.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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