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Bilateral alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma of breast: a rare entity
  1. Bharti Varshney1,
  2. Abhishek Kumar2,
  3. Lopamudra Deka2 and
  4. Hema Malini Aiyer2
  1. 1Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Jodphur, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
  2. 2Histopathology, Dr Lal PathLabs (National Reference Laboratory), New Delhi, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Bharti Varshney; drbharti876{at}


Sarcomas of breast constitute less than 1% of all malignant breast tumours. Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is very rare in breast with limited case reports in literature, and primary alveolar RMS arising from breast is still less common than metastatic RMS. Here, we report a case of primary bilateral alveolar RMS of breast in an adolescent female where the correct diagnosis was obfuscated by an overlap in the histological features of RMS and high-grade invasive ductal carcinoma.

  • breast cancer
  • pathology
  • breast surgery

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  • Contributors BV, AK, LD and HMA were involved in the diagnosis of disease and writing of the initial draft of the manuscript. All authors contributed to refine the study and approved the final manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Parental/guardian consent obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.