A previously healthy 48-year-old woman was referred to our intensive care unit (ICU) from a neurosurgical ward due to deterioration of her conscious level. She had a road traffic accident 6 days earlier. On admission to the hospital, a brain CT demonstrated subarachnoid haemorrhage which was considered not amenable to surgical intervention. A second CT brain performed shortly after admission to ICU showed no change in comparison to the initial CT. Serum sodium level on ICU admission was 108 mEq/L; serum and urine osmolalities were 223 mOsm/kg and 438 mOsm/kg, respectively. Her hyponatraemia was initially attributed to syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone. However, a clinical impression of low volume status raised the suspicion of cerebral salt wasting syndrome. She was managed by infusion of hypertonic saline and fluids for 5 days and discharged from ICU after improvement of her conscious level and normalisation of serum sodium.
- adult intensive care
- fluid electrolyte and acid-base disturbances
- trauma CNS /PNS
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Presented at The College of Anaesthesiologists of Ireland Congress, Dublin, May 2019.
Contributors HM: analysed and interpreted the patient data, wrote the primary draft of the manuscript. GS: Substantially edited and revised the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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