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Masquerading Guillain-Barré syndrome: uncommon, in-hospital presentation of Miller-Fisher syndrome shadowed by secondary diseases
  1. Viswanathan Pandurangan,
  2. Sujay Prabhath Dronamraju,
  3. Srinivasan Ramadurai and
  4. Preetam Arthur
  1. General Medicine, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Sujay Prabhath Dronamraju; sujayprabhathd{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Presentation of severe pain syndromes prior to onset of motor weakness is an uncommon but documented finding in patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). Sciatica in GBS is a difficult diagnosis when patients present with acute radiculopathy caused by herniated disc or spondylolysis. A middle-aged woman was admitted for severe low back pain, symptomatic hyponatraemia, vomiting and constipation. On further investigation, she was diagnosed with radiculopathy, and appropriate treatment was initiated. Brief symptomatic improvement was followed by new-onset weakness in lower limbs, which progressed to involve upper limbs and right extraocular muscles. With progressive, ascending, new-onset motor and sensory deficits and laboratory evidence of demyelination by Nerve Conduction Study, a diagnosis of variant GBS was made. She was treated with intravenous immunoglobulin 2 g/kg over 5 days. The presentation of severe low back pain that was masking an existing aetiology and possible dysautonomia and the unilateral right extraocular muscles instead of bilateral make our case unique and rare.

  • neurology
  • cranial nerves
  • drugs: CNS (not psychiatric)
  • motor neurone disease
  • neuromuscular disease

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Footnotes

  • VP and SPD are joint first authors.

  • Twitter @prabhathsujay

  • VP and SPD contributed equally.

  • Contributors All authors collected the case details. SPD prepared the manuscript with inputs from VP, PA and SR. All authors approved the manuscript, and all authors agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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