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Posterior pole retinal breaks causing posterior pole retinal detachment in a middle-aged man with retinal vasculitis and moderate myopia

Abstract

A 38-year-old man presented with sudden decreased vision in the right eye 3 years ago due to vitreous haemorrhage. During follow-up, right eye fundus showed evidence of vasculitis, non-perfusion areas and neovascularisation elsewhere. Systemic evaluation findings of positive Mantoux test, QuantiFERON Gold test and right apical pleuroparenchymal fibrosis observed on high-resolution CT of the chest were suggestive of postinfection probable tubercular aetiology. He was treated with oral steroids, antitubercular therapy, intravitreal bevacizumab and anterior retinal cryopexy, leading to resolution of vasculitis and vitreous haemorrhage. Later he developed peripheral retinal flap and posterior retinal breaks at 8-month and 11-month follow-up, respectively, which were managed by barrage laser. He maintained a stable visual acuity of 20/20, N6 for the next 2 years. He then presented with sudden decreased vision in the right eye (20/50, N10). Right eye fundus showed posterior pole retinal detachment with lifting of previously barraged posterior retinal breaks. He underwent vitreoretinal surgery with gas tamponade. Recent 1-month postoperative visit showed successful retinal reattachment and visual recovery of 20/20, N6.

  • ophthalmology
  • macula
  • retina

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