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Bouveret syndrome: a rare form of gallstone ileus
  1. Don Haering1,
  2. Mattie Murphy2,
  3. John Craig3 and
  4. Gavin A Falk4
  1. 1School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattlle, Washington, USA
  2. 2Surgery, Kalispell Regional Healthcare, Kalispell, Montana, USA
  3. 3Surgery, Kalispell Regional Medical Center, Kalispell, Montana, USA
  4. 4Pediatric Surgery, Montana Children's, Kalispell, Montana, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Gavin A Falk; gavfalk{at}gmail.com

Abstract

A 57-year-old woman presented with a 5-day history of worsening right upper quadrant pain, bilious emesis and approximately 20 pounds of weight loss. The patient was afebrile, without jaundice and had mild tenderness in her right upper quadrant. She noted an incidental finding of asymptomatic cholelithiasis on imaging 4 years earlier. An abdominal radiograph revealed pneumobilia and a large ectopic calculus. An abdominal CT scan confirmed pneumobilia, a large concretion completely obstructing the third portion of the duodenum and a soft tissue communication between the gallbladder and proximal duodenum. She was brought to the operating room for definitive treatment and had the obstructing gallstone removed via a transverse duodenotomy. Bouveret syndrome is a rare cause of small bowel obstruction that requires a high index of suspicion for diagnosis. It should be considered in older patients with clinical evidence of gastric or duodenal obstruction, particularly with a history of cholelithiasis.

  • gastrointestinal surgery
  • general surgery
  • small intestine

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Footnotes

  • Contributors DH and GAF came up with the plan for the manuscript and wrote the first draft. All authors edited the manuscript and revised the case report. All authors agreed on the final draft. GAF is the guarantor.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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