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Urothelial carcinoma in a child with gross hematuria: a complaint not to be dismissed
  1. Han Lim Ong1,
  2. Han Jie Lee2,
  3. Tze Kiat Ng2 and
  4. Te-Lu Yap1
  1. 1Department of Pediatric Surgery, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore
  2. 2Department of Urology, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore
  1. Correspondence to Dr Han Jie Lee; hanjie.lee{at}


Hematuria is not uncommonly seen among children. We describe the case of a 13-year-old boy who was diagnosed with urothelial carcinoma after presenting with persistent gross hematuria for 2 weeks. We highlight the importance of adequate workup for gross hematuria as it is often associated with an underlying pathology that could lead to significant morbidity if left undiagnosed.

  • hematuria
  • paediatric surgery
  • urological cancer

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  • HLO and HJL are joint first authors.

  • HLO and HJL contributed equally.

  • Contributors HLO and HJL were involved in the care of the patient described, summarised the clinical case, drafted the initial manuscript and reviewed and revised the manuscript. TKN supervised the care of the patient described and reviewed and revised the manuscript. T-LY conceptualised and designed the study, contributed to interpretation of data and critically reviewed all versions of the manuscript. All authors approved the final manuscript as submitted and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.