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Proton pump inhibitors associated with rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder
  1. Ruwanthi Jayasekara and
  2. Ian Smith
  1. Respiratory Support and Sleep Centre (RSSC), Royal Papworth Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ruwanthi Jayasekara; RU-JAY{at}HOTMAIL.COM

Abstract

We present the case of a 65-year-old woman diagnosed with rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder (REMBD) based on typical symptoms and confirmed with an inpatient polysomnogram. She was prescribed clonazepam and later temazepam but continued to have intrusive symptoms. She subsequently recalled that the onset of dream enactment coincided with starting high-dose omeprazole for acid reflux. With this insight, she stopped the omeprazole. Within days, the dream enactment and nocturnal movements subsided. She stopped taking the temazepam and was symptom free for a few months. However, she was started on lansoprazole for recurrent dyspepsia. Once again she experienced violent movements in sleep. This is the first time an association between proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and REMBD has been reported. PPIs have many effects on the central nervous system and should be considered as a possible provoking factor in people presenting with REMBD.

  • unwanted effects / adverse reactions
  • sleep disorders (respiratory medicine)

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Footnotes

  • Contributors RJ: diagnosis, management and follow-up of the index case, literature review and writing of case report. IS: diagnosis, management and follow up of the index case, literature review and supervision of the writing of the case report.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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