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Asymptomatic idiopathic intracranial hypertension post female to male gender transition
  1. Geoffrey Peter Ronan1 and
  2. Brian Sweeney2
  1. 1Mercy University Hospital, Cork, Ireland
  2. 2Neurology, Cork University Hospital Group, Cork, Ireland
  1. Correspondence to Dr Geoffrey Peter Ronan; 111314731{at}


A 23- year-man post female to male (FTM) gender transition was found to have bilateral papilloedema at a routine optician visit. The patient was referred on for formal ophthalmological and neurological assessments. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) confirmed the presence of bilateral papilloedema. The patient was entirely asymptomatic and had no medical history. He took testosterone intramuscularly once per month. Neurological examination was otherwise normal. Investigations including routine blood panels, CT brain, MRI brain and cerebral MR venogram were all normal. Lumbar puncture yielded cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) normal in appearance but demonstrated raised intracranial pressure. In the absence of other causative aetiologies a diagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) was made. Treatment was commenced with acetazolamide and the patient was discharged with outpatient ophthalmological and neurological follow-up.

  • neuroopthalmology
  • sexual and gender disorders

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  • Contributors BS and GPR directed the patient’s care and investigations along with writing the case report.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Case reports provide a valuable learning resource for the scientific community and can indicate areas of interest for future research. They should not be used in isolation to guide treatment choices or public health policy.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.