Primary phlebitis of the central nervous system (PPCNS) is a rare condition that might be a subset of primary angiitis of the CNS. In this case report, the patient was a 39-year-old man with a 2-week history of anterograde amnesia and abnormal behaviours. Black-blood MRI (BB-MRI) showed contrast enhancement of the left basilar vein and cerebral superficial veins. Angiography showed unremarkable change in arteries. After a thorough differential diagnosis, we diagnosed PPCNS and then administered methylprednisolone pulse and cyclophosphamide pulse. The neuropsychological symptoms and MRI findings gradually improved, and after 2 months, the dose of prednisolone was gradually reduced to 20 mg. No recurrence was observed. This case shows that BB-MRI may be useful for diagnosing PPCNS.
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Contributors JK, the leader of attending physicians, wrote this case report. MM and JT were the attending physicians for this patient. HI is a professor of our department and supervised the diagnosis and treatment strategy, and preparation of this case report.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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