Adult-onset Still’s disease (AOSD) is characterised by a constellation of systemic inflammatory symptoms and typical laboratory findings like hyperferritinaemia. A high index of suspicion is needed to identify patients as diagnosis is primarily clinical and significant morbidity can result from delayed diagnosis. While AOSD may be self-limited, some patients experience flares over years and require more aggressive treatment approaches. Aetiology is unknown but can be triggered by viral infections and other environmental factors in a susceptible genetic host. We present a case of AOSD triggered after exposure to a sap-like liquid while working in Africa. This inciting event occurred as part of a hostile act towards the patient and involved medicinal practices traditional to the area. Our case highlights the more chronic course of AOSD, which requires escalating biological treatment to avoid long-term corticosteroids, as well as the juncture between traditional and modern medical practices.
- musculoskeletal syndromes
- medical management
- global health
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Contributors Both ELG and BW saw the presented case together in consultation and formulated the treatment plan. The manuscript was written by ELG with BW providing critical revision.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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