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Novel application of infliximab for diversion colitis

Abstract

Diversion colitis (DC) that was refractory to standard treatments was successfully treated with infliximab. A 24-year-old man with a transverse colostomy suffered from severe DC. Topical steroids, 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) enemas and synbiotics were initially effective, and the colostomy was successfully closed with a covering ileostomy to minimise the risk of anastomotic leakage owing to the damaged colon. DC subsequently relapsed in the entire colon and was refractory to the previous protocol and autologous faecal transplantation. Intravenous methylprednisolone and oral 5-ASA were discontinued owing to possible adverse effects. Infliximab with intravenous prednisolone was introduced, and the protocol was so effective in suppressing the acute colitis that total colectomy was avoided. The stoma was subsequently closed, and the patient is currently symptom-free. Infliximab is used for ulcerative colitis but could also be effective against severe DC.

  • drug therapy related to surgery
  • gastrointestinal system
  • drugs: gastrointestinal system
  • endoscopy

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