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Curing somatisation-induced paraplegia with experimental dice-based affective modulation
  1. Miles Alexander William Rogers1,2 and
  2. Joshua Au Yeung3
  1. 1General Medicine, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital NHS Trust, Norwich, UK
  2. 2Psychiatry, Royal Oldham Hospital, Oldham, UK
  3. 3Clinical Pharmacology, Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals NHS Trust, London, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Miles Alexander William Rogers;{at}


Following a minor meniscal injury to his right knee, a previously fit and well 58-year-old man developed profound somatisation leading to paraplegia. The patient developed a deep-seated belief that any exercise or walking would cause irreparable damage to his knee. Over the course of 2 years his, mobility reduced from active mountaineering to walking a short distance, and finally to paraplegia. Medical investigations were normal and organic causes were ruled out. Conventional therapy was exhausted, a number of medications were trialled over 5 years, including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and antipsychotics without success. Eventually, with a combination of cognitive behavioural therapy, physiotherapy and a novel experimental therapy where the patient rolled dice and acted according to the roll results, the patient was able to literally and metaphorically get back on his feet.

  • cognitive behavioural psychotherapy
  • somatoform disorders

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  • Contributors MAWR wrote the case report. JAY contributed to the completion of the case report, added in details and edited the format of the document.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.