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Case report
Successful IVF outcome after repeat laparoscopic ovarian drilling in a case of resistant PCOS
  1. Reeta Mahey,
  2. Monica Gupta,
  3. Reeta Bansiwal and
  4. Ankita Sethi
  1. Obstetrics & Gynecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, Delhi, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Monica Gupta; dr.monica10{at}


Ovulation induction (OVI) is the first-line treatment option for infertile women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). We report a case of resistant PCOS who responded to OVI after laparoscopic ovarian drilling (LOD) but suffered miscarriages in first trimester on three occasions, had late-onset moderate ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in one cycle and recurrent anovulation. She underwent one in vitro fertilisation (IVF) cycle but it resulted in poor oocyte yield (four oocytes) and failed conception. Second LOD followed by IVF resulted in successful outcome in terms of good oocyte yield and successful live birth as well as supernumerary embryos frozen for future use. Repeat LOD may be considered in selected PCOS patients who fail to have successful pregnancy outcome despite multiple OVI cycles, have chronic anovulation, persistently raised serum antimullerian hormone and luteinising hormone, history of OHSS during OVI and prior poor response in IVF cycle.

  • anaesthesia
  • obstetrics
  • gynaecology and fertility
  • diabetes
  • obesity (nutrition)
  • reproductive medicine

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  • Contributors All the authors were involved in the conception and design and acquisition of data. All the authors were involved in drafting the article and critically revising it. All the authors were involved in final approval of the version to be published and agreed to be accountable for the article and to ensure that all questions regarding the accuracy or integrity of the article are investigated and resolved.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.