Coexisting tuberculosis (TB) and hydatid disease in an immunocompetent individual is an extremely rare occurrence. Given the similarities in the clinical manifestations and morbidities of both, specific diagnosis in individuals coinfected with these is difficult. We, hereby present a case of a 17-year-old adolescent man diagnosed to be a coinfection of pulmonary TB with pulmonary and cardiac hydatid disease, with the review of cases having a similar presentation. The coexistence of these infections should be considered in endemic areas. Management can only be done by a multidisciplinary approach including surgical, microbiological, histopathological and radiological facilities. Complete surgical excision of the cyst is the treatment of choice and medical therapy for both aetiologies should be appropriate to achieve cure.
- infectious diseases
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Contributors PKV: conception and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data. RR: drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content. PKG: final approval of the version published. VN: agreement to be accountable for the article and to ensure that all questions regarding the accuracy or integrity of the article are investigated and resolved.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Parental/guardian consent obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.