There are few data on endovascular treatment of anterior nutcracker syndrome and pelvic varices in patients with anterior and posterior renal veins. Our objective is to report a case, identify occurrences and compare diagnosis and treatments. A 42-year-old woman presented with flank and pelvic pain and hematuria. She had anterior nutcracker syndrome and pelvic varices with an anterior and a posterior renal vein. A successful complete endovascular approach was done with stent implantation in the anterior renal vein and left gonadal vein embolisation. After 12-month follow-up, the patient remained asymptomatic with good results on CT. Only two case reports of patients with nutcracker syndrome with anterior and posterior renal veins were identified. In both, a self-expanding stent was implanted in the anterior renal vein. In conclusion, endovascular treatment represents a safe and successful option in patients with nutcracker syndrome and pelvic varices with an anterior and a posterior renal vein.
- cardiovascular system
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Contributors SB: conception and design, data collection, writing the article, critical revision of the article. SB, JMPG: analysis and interpretation. SB, JMPG, FCN, WJBA: final approval of the article. SB, FCN: statistical analysis. SB, WJBA: overall responsibility. All authors have read and approved the final version of the article.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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