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Case report
Unilateral right closed-lip schizencephaly
  1. Mohamed Alkareem1,
  2. Hiba Ahmed2 and
  3. Gasim Ahmed3
  1. 1Department of Internal Medicine, Tameside General Hospital, Ashton-under-Lyne, Tameside, UK
  2. 2Radiology department, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan
  3. 3Radiology department, Royal Preston Hospital, Preston, Lancashire, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Gasim Ahmed; gasimsalaheldin{at}gmail.com

Abstract

Schizencephaly is a rare central nervous system (CNS) malformation secondary to neuronal migration defects. The pathogenesis is complex and is secondary to environmental and genetic factors. Clinically, the majority of patients present with varying degrees of motor and psychological disturbances. Imaging plays a cornerstone in the diagnosis by identifying the characteristic lesional features and recognising other associated abnormalities such as an absent septum pellucidum and corpus callosum dysgenesis. Here, we present a male paediatric case who presented with an interestingly asymptomatic unilateral right closed-lip schizencephaly and review the aetiology, clinical presentation and imaging characteristics of the disease and associated literature.

  • radiology
  • neuroimaging
  • paediatrics
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Footnotes

  • Contributors MA: Data collection, case discussion, case presentation and 'discussion' section writing. HA: Case revision, discussion, and rewriting. GA: Literature review, discussion section revision, overall text/image editing, final proofreading and overall supervision.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Parental/guardian consent obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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