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Case report
Paraneoplastic subacute sensory neuropathy with triple positive antineuronal antibodies associated with small-cell lung cancer
  1. Virginie Hean1,
  2. Jean-Philippe Camdessanché1,
  3. Pascal Cathébras2 and
  4. Martin Killian2,3
  1. 1Department of Neurology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne, Loire, France
  2. 2Department of Internal Medicine, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne, Loire, France
  3. 3Groupe sur l'Immunité des Muqueuses et Agents Pathogènes, Université Jean Monnet Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne, Loire, France
  1. Correspondence to Dr Martin Killian; martin.killian{at}chu-st-etienne.fr

Abstract

A 67-year-old woman with a history of smoking and cardiovascular risk factors was admitted to the emergency room for uncontrolled diabetes, loss of appetite, nausea, significant weight loss and asthenia. The initial investigation, including cerebral and gastrointestinal explorations, were normal. One month later, she started presenting severe asymmetric proprioceptive ataxia of the lower extremities. She also reported paresthesia and neuropathic pain in both feet and ankles. A positron emission tomography (PET)-scanner showed a hypermetabolic nodule in the right lung. The neurological symptoms were attributed to paraneoplastic sensory and dysautonomic neuropathy, even though the bronchoscopic biopsies came back negative at first. Anti-Hu, anti-CV2/CRMP5 and anti-SOX1 antibodies were documented. Due to the severity and rapid progression of symptoms (from the lower to the upper limbs), corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulins and immunosuppressants were introduced prior to biopsies revealing a small-cell lung cancer. Despite these treatments and antineoplastic chemotherapy, her status deteriorated rapidly.

  • neurology
  • immunology
  • respiratory cancer
  • malignant disease and immunosuppression

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Footnotes

  • Contributors VH and MK wrote the manuscript. J-PC and PC critically reviewed the manuscript. MK and PC managed the case. MK accepts full responsibility for the work, had access to the data and controlled the decision to publish.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Next of kin consent obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.