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Case report
Isolated hypoplasia of the abdominal wall associated with fetal parvovirus B19 infection
  1. Mazen Dajam1,2,
  2. Yousef M Al Talhi1,2 and
  3. Jubara Alallah1,2,3
  1. 1College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  2. 2King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  3. 3Neonatology Section, Department of Pediatrics, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Jubara Alallah; jalallah{at}


We report a rare case of a preterm infant with a diagnosis of hydrops fetalis, associated with parvovirus B19 infection. At birth, the infant had severe ascites. She recovered and was discharged in later good condition. In follow-up at 10 years of age, she still had severe isolated hypoplasia of the abdominal muscles. Isolated hypoplasia of the abdominal muscles after parvovirus B19 infection appears to be a separate entity, which should be differentiated from other abdominal wall anomalies.

  • neonatal intensive care
  • materno-fetal medicine

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  • Contributors JA selected the case for the study. MD and YA collected all the data and initially drafted the case and discussion. All authors contributed to the case and approved the final manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Parental/guardian consent obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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