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Case report
Denosumab-induced severe hypocalcaemia in a patient with vitamin D deficiency
  1. Natasha Daga and
  2. Flavian Joseph
  1. Department of Endocrinology, Central Coast Local Health District, Gosford, New South Wales, Australia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Flavian Joseph; Flavian.Joseph{at}health.nsw.gov.au

Abstract

Postmenopausal women are at increased risk of osteoporosis. Osteoporotic fractures carry an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Denosumab is a monoclonal antibody widely used for the treatment of osteoporosis by inhibiting osteoclast-induced bone resorption. Hypocalcaemia is a known side-effect of denosumab treatment. The majority of such cases have been described in patients with underlying metastatic cancer or chronic kidney disease. We present a patient who developed severe hypocalcaemia after administration of denosumab in the context of severe vitamin D deficiency and a normal kidney function. The management was further complicated by hypophosphatemia. Following replacement of vitamin D, the patient’s calcium and phosphate levels stabilised. The patient required intensive care monitoring for replacement of electrolytes. This case report emphasises the importance of screening and ongoing monitoring of risk factors for iatrogenic hypocalcaemia with denosumab treatment.

  • endocrine system
  • calcium and bone
  • drugs: endocrine system

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Footnotes

  • Contributors ND obtained consent from patient, write up of case report, including creating flowcharts and graphs, referencing and literature review. FJ reviewed case report write up and suggested revisions, assessed literature review and revised flowcharts and graphs, advised on the submission process.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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