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Case report
Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint in an unvaccinated adolescent


Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a rare condition, particularly in the paediatric population. Our case involves a 15-year-old unvaccinated Amish man with acute pain and trismus of the TMJ. The diagnosis was reached after history, clinical examination, radiographic and laboratory examinations were performed. The patient improved after a minimally invasive surgical procedure and medical therapy. Failure to recognise and treat septic arthritis in a timely fashion can result in serious sequalae. Infectious aetiologies should be kept on the differential for any patient with acute TMJ pain.

  • ear, nose and throat/otolaryngology
  • infectious diseases
  • head and neck surgery
  • oral and maxillofacial surgery
  • orthopaedics
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