A 15-year-old boy who had a history of on and off pruritus and jaundice since many years found to have a novel mutation in TJP2 gene. On examination, he had clubbing, splenomegaly, grade 3 oesophageal varices and short stature. Investigation revealed direct hyperbirubinemia with elevated liver enzymes with normal gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT). Antinuclear antibody (ANA), smooth muscle antibody (SMA) anti-liver kidney microsomal (anti-LKM) and viral markers for hepatitis were negative. However, IgG was elevated and anti-smooth muscle antibody (ASMA) was weekly positive (1:20). He was also given a trial of steroid and azathioprine for 1 year on the basis of liver biopsy findings, raised IgG and positive ASMA but finding no improvement stopped. Genetic testing by next-generation sequencing found a novel compound heterozygous missense variation in exon 17 of the TJP2 gene confirming progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 4 as the aetiology of cholestatic liver disease.
- bilirubin disorders
- liver disease
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Contributors NM: collected the data, written and designed the manuscript. RB: analysed the data and assisted in designing of the manuscript. SM: provided critical revision of the manuscript. AS: provided final approval of the version to publish.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Parental/guardian consent obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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