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Case report
Sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation of the spleen: unusual case presentation in an intravenous drug user

Abstract

An unusual presentation of sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation in a 42-year-old man who was admitted with jaundice, deranged liver function tests and subsequently diagnosed with acute hepatitis C infection in the context of recent intravenous drug use. During his admission, he had an ultrasound of the abdomen followed by a CT thorax, abdomen and pelvis which showed splenomegaly and a large splenic lower pole mass that was hypoechoic and concerning for lymphoma. A bone marrow biopsy showed no evidence of lymphoma and an ultrasound-guided biopsy of the splenic mass suggested unusual features with vascular proliferation, either neoplastic or reactive, with no evidence of lymphoma or high-grade sarcoma. Given the concern for malignancy, an open splenectomy was required to determine the nature of the lesion with histologic findings consistent with a non-neoplastic benign vascular lesion favouring sclerosing angiomatoid nodular transformation.

  • liver disease
  • hepatitis C
  • general surgery

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