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Case report
Symptomatic digoxin toxicity in a patient on haemodialysis


We present a man undergoing regular haemodialysis sessions, who presented with non-specific symptoms of nausea, vomiting and light-headedness. He was found to have significantly raised serum digoxin concentrations, as well as a heart rate of 30 beats per minutes. An ECG showed complete heart block. He has a history of non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy with resistant supraventricular and ventricular tachycardias and was on concomitant beta-blockade and digoxin. On questioning, he reported a gradual decline in his residual urine output over the past 6 months. He was reviewed by the cardiology team and required both pharmacological therapy for reversal of digoxin toxicity and temporary pacing in view of significant bradyarrhythmias. The beta-blockade and digoxin were discontinued. He was kept on continuous monitoring at the Cardiac Critical Care Unit. His symptoms resolved spontaneously once digoxin-specific antibody fragments were administered and temporary pacing successfully performed.

  • arrhythmias
  • renal system
  • dialysis
  • toxicology

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