An 8-year-old boy with a history of multiple neonatal laparotomies, including congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair and an open fundoplication, presented acutely with severe abdominal pain, distension, vomiting and shock. A large abnormal opacity in the left upper quadrant was visible on a plain abdominal radiograph. The patient was taken to the theatre for emergency laparotomy and was found to have a massively distended stomach, the fundus and body of which were necrotic. A subtotal gastrectomy was performed, sparing the viable tissue. The patient went on to make a full recovery. Acute massive gastric dilatation (AMGD) is a rare condition characterised by severe gastric distension. Gastric ischaemia results when intragastric pressure exceeds venous pressure, obstructing venous outflow. It is important to recognise AMGD as a severe complication of fundoplication due to closed-loop gastric obstruction. It should prompt consideration of an early laparotomy in cases where the diagnosis is suspected.
- paediatric surgery
- gastrointestinal surgery
Statistics from Altmetric.com
SEL and TB are joint first authors.
SEL and TB contributed equally.
Contributors SEL: involved in writing the article and literature review. TB: involved in writing the article, literature review and management of case. SM and SP: involved in editing the article and were the operating surgeons.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Parental/guardian consent obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.