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Case report
Traumatic arteriovenous fistula with serious haemodynamic repercussions: endovascular treatment
  1. Selma Regina de Oliveira Raymundo1,
  2. Roana Lacerda Tavares Leite1,
  3. Luiz Fernando Reis2 and
  4. Gleison Juliano da Silva Russeff2
  1. 1Cardiologia e Cirurgia Cardiovascular, Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto, Sao Jose do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil
  2. 2Serviço de Angiologia e Cirurgia Endovascular, Hospital de Base, Sao Jose do Rio Preto, SP, Brazil
  1. Correspondence to Dr Selma Regina de Oliveira Raymundo; selma_ray{at}


Major abdominal arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a rare clinical condition defined as an abnormal communication between the aorta or iliac arteries and the inferior vena cava or the iliac or renal veins. Penetrating trauma, including iatrogenic injuries, accounts for less than 20% of these AVFs. Endovascular techniques were useful in the management of vascular lesions. The authors report the case of a patient with high-output heart failure and high-flow AVF between the left external iliac artery and the left external iliac vein manifested 17 years after a gunshot wound. Endovascular approach was satisfactorily performed with the implantation of a septal occlusion device to interrupt abnormal vascular communication and preserve artery and vein patency. There were improvement of symptoms and control images showed arteriovenous communication closure.

  • heart failure
  • interventional radiology
  • vascular surgery

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  • Contributors Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work, or the acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data were done by SRdOR, RLTL, LFR and GJdSR. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content was performed by SRdOR, RLTL and LFR. Final approval of the version published was done by SRdOR, RLTL and GJdSR. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved was performed by SRdOR, RLTL, LFR and GJdSR.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.