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Case report
Three female patients with a periurethral mass: from various complaints to rare pathology
  1. Marjon DM Viester1 and
  2. Mirjam Schotman2
  1. 1Department of Urology, UMC Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  2. 2Department of Urology, Meander MC, Amersfoort, The Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to Marjon DM Viester; m.d.m.viester{at}


In this case report, we will discuss three cases of women diagnosed with a periurethral mass. The specific diagnosis of a periurethral mass can vary and includes rare diseases. Therefore, they provide a challenge to medical professionals. All patients underwent diagnostic evaluation with cystoscopy and pelvic MRI followed by surgical removal. Based on the MRI and pathology report, different diagnoses were made for each patient. The three diagnoses will be discussed: subpubic cartilaginous cyst, leiomyoma and clear cell adenocarcinoma of the urethra. Our case report is useful for other medical professionals, and they can evaluate how to optimal approach a periurethral mass.

  • urology
  • urological surgery

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  • Contributors MV: drafting the article, performed the literature search and collected the data. MS: is the attending urologists of all patients and performed all operations. Both authors critically reviewed the article and gave final approval of the version to be published.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.