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Case report
Coincidental retinal dysplasia in patients presenting with pseudohypopyon: a series of two cases
  1. Saumya Jakati1,
  2. Anamika Patel2,
  3. Avinash Pathengay3 and
  4. Swathi Kaliki4
  1. 1LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
  2. 2Vitreoretina and Uveitis Services, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
  3. 3LV Prasad Eye Institute, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
  4. 4Ocular Oncology, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Swathi Kaliki; kalikiswathi{at}


Clinical diagnosis is always challenging in cases with atypical presentation. Herein, we present two cases which masqueraded as ocular infection/inflammation on presentation, were clinically suspicious for retinoblastoma, and histopathology revealed the diagnosis of retinal dysplasia. Case 1 had left corneal perforation with anterior chamber exudates on presentation. On ultrasound B-scan, ill-defined mass was noted, raising a suspicion of malignancy. MRI showed dilated ventricles with midline shift. Vitreous cytology was inconclusive. Enucleation was performed as malignancy could not be ruled out. Histopathology revealed detached retina with dysplastic rosettes in addition to inflammation and multinucleate giant cell reaction. Case 2 presented with right eye anterior chamber pseudohypopyon. Fundus examination revealed diffuse vitreous haze and a suspicious mass in the retinal periphery raising suspicion for retinoblastoma. Histopathology revealed the diagnosis of retinal dysplasia.

  • paediatric oncology
  • retina

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  • Contributors SJ made the first draft and also contributed in histopathological diagnosis. APate helped in first draft and also in critical revision of the final draft. APath and SK were involved in patient care and critical revision of the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Parental/guardian consent obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.