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Case report
Preventive measures to avoid vertical transmission in untreated pregnant women with HIV/AIDS


The HIV/AIDS during pregnancy has high morbidity and mortality, without optimal prevention and treatment. The advanced stage cases are found in developing countries due to late detection, but, also in developed countries due to immigration; therefore, the professionals should know the management steps for these patients. The implementation of specific interventions can reduce vertical transmission incidence until 1%–8%. It is presented a case of a pregnant woman with AIDS detected during first hospitalisation, due to a ventilatory failure by opportunistic germs; at the delivery the specific interventions were implemented, being able to eliminate vertical transmission to the newborn. This article explains the four main aspects to be considered for reducing vertical transmission (detection of HIV, viral load levels-CD4 lymphocyte count, way and moment of childbirth and antiretroviral therapy) and shares experiences of the management of an advanced case, in order to help professionals to handle these cases and its complications.

  • pregnancy
  • disease and health outcomes
  • materno-fetal medicine
  • neonatal health
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