A 72-year-old woman was referred with incidentally detected multiple lung nodules, one of which was identified as 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-avid on positron emission tomography. Extensive workup followed, including numerous radiographs, surveillance scans and a CT-guided biopsy which demonstrated chronic inflammation only. Following a wedge-resection, a diagnosis of pulmonary hyalinising granuloma (PHG) was made. PHG is a cause of FDG-avid single or multiple pulmonary nodules and can mimic lung cancer or metastatic disease radiologically. The diagnosis is often difficult to make with minimally invasive techniques such as needle-guided biopsies which do not tend to yield the diagnosis and requires surgical resection for definitive diagnosis and exclusion of malignancy.
- lung cancer (oncology)
- respiratory medicine
- bronchopulmonary dysplasia
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Contributors IT wrote the first draft and subsequent revision. AJM, EF and AS contributed to the clinical care of the patient and approved the drafts.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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