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Case report
Indwelling pleural catheter for outpatient management of tuberculous empyema
  1. Ambreen Iqbal Muhammad,
  2. Joseph Gavin and
  3. Alex Wilkinson
  1. Respiratory Department, East and North Hertfordshire NHS Trust, Stevenage, Hertfordshire, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Ambreen Iqbal Muhammad; ambreen.muhammad{at}


The use of indwelling pleural catheters (IPC) is well established in the treatment of malignant pleural effusions. They allow symptom management with intermittent drainage without requiring overnight admission to hospital. However, little is known about their effectiveness in the treatment of pleural infections. Here, we present a case where an IPC is used in the therapeutic management of tuberculous empyema. The IPC enabled outpatient treatment, allowed the patient to return to work and reduced the cost of treatment and the risk of hospital-acquired complications.

  • pleural infection
  • tuberculosis
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  • Contributors AIM contributed to planning, writing, literature review and editing of this case report and have agreed to final version of this manuscript. JG contributed to acquiring data, writing and editing of this case report and have agreed to final version of this manuscript. AW contributed to conception, planning, literature review,editing and finalising of this case report.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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