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Case report
Mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysm complicated by infective spondylitis due to Pseudomonasaeruginosa
  1. Royson Dsouza,
  2. Albert Abhinay Kota,
  3. Shriyans Jain and
  4. Sunil Agarwal
  1. Department of Vascular Surgery, Christian Medical College Vellore, Vellore, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Albert Abhinay Kota; albertkota{at}cmcvellore.ac.in

Abstract

A 67-year-old man with diabetes and hypertension presented with complaints of abdominal pain and lower back ache for 7 months, with intermittent episodes of fever. On examination, there was an expansile mass in the upper abdomen with bruit on auscultation. He also had tenderness in the L1–L2 vertebral space with paraspinal fullness, causing painful restriction of lower limb motor functions but without affecting sensation. On evaluation, he was found to have an abdominal aortic aneurysm with infective lumbar spondylodiscitis. The aspirate from the paravertebral infected tissue and cultures from blood grew Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a rare causative agent of mycotic aortic aneurysm. Whether the infective spondylitis spread to the abdominal aorta causing the mycotic aneurysm or vice versa is a dilemma in such a case. However, the mainstay of treatment remains adequate source control and repair of the aneurysm with appropriate antibiotic therapy. Our patient received intravenous antibiotics for P.aeruginosa based on sensitivity, following which he underwent debridement of the infective spondylodiscitis with aneurysmorrhaphy. He had an uneventful recovery and was well at 3-month follow-up.

  • infections
  • bone and joint infections
  • orthopaedics
  • vascular surgery
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Footnotes

  • Contributors RD and SJ identified the complexity of the case, with guidance from AAK. The manuscript was prepared by RD and SJ and was proof-read by AAK and SA.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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