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Case report
Rare case: paraneoplastic syndrome affecting peripheral nerves, associated with anti-collapsin-response mediator protein-5 (anti-CRMP5) antibodies, as early manifestation of small cell lung cancer confined to a solitary lymph node without evidence of lung mass on routine CT thorax
  1. Umar Khan1 and
  2. Sanval Ahmed Warriach2
  1. 1Respiratory Medicine Department, University Hospital Limerick, Limerick, Ireland
  2. 2Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Limerick, Limerick, Ireland
  1. Correspondence to Dr Umar Khan; khan.umar2{at}gmail.com

Abstract

A 69-year-old woman presented with 9 months history of progressively worsening upper and lower limb weakness leading to reduced functional status. She was diagnosed with peripheral neuropathy (predominantly sensory) initially and had received immunoglobulins and pulsed steroid therapy with no benefit. She was following up with respiratory team for surveillance of hamartoma in left lower lobe. Investigations included a battery of serum samples and tissue samples on two different occasions. Anti-HU and anti-CV2 antibodies were found positive in serum. Sural nerve biopsy raised suspicion of paraneoplastic phenomenon. CT thorax abdomen and pelvis was carried out to identify a primary neoplastic source; however no lesion was identified except for the previously documented hamartoma in the left lower lobe. Positron emission tomography (PET) scan was carried out that identified a single fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-avid focus either in the mid oesophagus or in the left para oesophageal region below the left main bronchus. Gastroscopy showed evidence of inflammation only. Bronchoscopy/endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS)-guided lymph node biopsy turned out be small cell lung carcinoma on histological analysis. She was then referred to oncology services, and received 4 cycles of carboplatin/etoposide chemotherapy followed by 30 fractions of radiotherapy. She finished chemotherapeutic treatment without any complications. So far her symptoms have not settled, but not worsening anymore and she continues physiotherapy to regain limb function.

  • neurooncology
  • lung cancer (oncology)
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Footnotes

  • Contributors UK and SAW made substantial contributions to the conception and identification of this case report.Both of them drafted and revised it for important intellectual content and final approval of the version.UK and SAW are accountable for all aspects of the work in relation to accuracy and integrity of this case study and both appropriately investigated before submission.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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