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Case report
Resolution of grade IV hypertensive retinopathy in an adult with pheochromocytoma: post-tumor resection
  1. Aparajita Banerjee,
  2. Bhagabat Nayak,
  3. Gargi Verma and
  4. Sucheta Parija
  1. Department of Ophthalmology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Bhubaneswar, India
  1. Correspondence to Dr Bhagabat Nayak; bhagabat80{at}


A 64-year-old hypertensive woman presented with complaints of a painless, progressive decrease in vision, headache, dizziness for the last month. She was a known case of diabetes mellitus on insulin therapy. On examination, best-corrected visual acuity was 6/12 in the right eye and 6/18 in the left eye. The fundus examination in both eyes revealed features of grade IV hypertensive retinopathy. Systemic examination revealed the raised blood pressure of 200/110 mm Hg. Diagnosis of pheochromocytoma was made on the basis of increased urinary norepinephrine (892.8 mg/dL) and mass in the left adrenal gland (measuring 31×28 mm) at contrast-enhanced CT. Medical management to control hypertension was done and ultimately, she underwent left laparoscopic adrenalectomy. After 10 months of surgery, the patient was asymptomatic, blood pressure was within normal limit and her vision improved to 6/6 in both the eyes. The retinal features of hypertensive retinopathy had completely disappeared.

  • adrenal disorders
  • retina
  • oncology
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  • Contributors All authors contributed equally to this manuscript. AB performed concept and design. BN wrote the manuscript. GV did literature search. SP did overall verification and review.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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