Supraglottitis is an ear, nose and throat emergency where swelling of the laryngeal structures can threaten to fatally obstruct the airway. Most cases of supraglottitis are of infective origin but other rarer causes have been documented. We present two patients who presented with stridor and were found to have supraglottic oedema on fibreoptic nasolaryngoscopy. Both patients presented with odynophagia and progressive dyspnoea and were initially medically managed to stabilise their airway. This included intravenous steroids, nebulised epinephrine and intravenous antibiotics. After this initial treatment they both required investigation and optimisation of their underlying medical conditions (rheumatoid arthritis with possible systemic lupus erythematosus and nephrotic syndrome) as more definitive management.
- nose and throat/otolaryngology
- nephrotic syndrome
- rheumatoid arthritis
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Contributors OK: managed patient 1, performed the literature review, wrote the first draft and edited the manuscript. VB: managed patient 2, supervised writing of the manuscript. RT: supervised management of both patients, supervised writing of the manuscript and edited the final submission of the manuscript.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Obtained.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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