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Non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis: a rare presentation and literature review
  1. Maulin J Patel and
  2. Joel Elzweig
  1. Medicine Institute, Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, Pennsylvania, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Maulin J Patel; mpatel12{at}geisinger.edu

Abstract

A 66-year-old woman with a remote history of breast cancer and prior tobacco use presented to the hospital with chest pain. She was found to have an elevated troponin consistent with a diagnosis of a non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). A left heart catheterisation revealed non-obstructive coronary disease, and subsequent transthoracic and transoesophageal echocardiograms demonstrated vegetations on both the mitral and aortic valves. Multiple blood cultures showed no growth raising suspicion for non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE). A CT of the chest, abdomen and pelvis was obtained that was consistent with metastatic pancreatic cancer. Her hospital course was complicated by recurrent embolic strokes leading to a rapid clinical deterioration. As a result, she was transitioned to comfort measures and passed away shortly thereafter. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an NSTEMI as the initial presentation of NBTE due to underlying malignancy.

  • cardiovascular medicine
  • valvar diseases
  • cardiovascular system
  • oncology
  • venous thromboembolism

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Footnotes

  • Twitter @MaulinPatelDO

  • Contributors MJP wrote the manuscript with support from JE. Additionally, JE helped supervise the project.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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