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We read the article published by Jaikaran O. et al on ‘Portomesenteric thrombosis after robotic sleeve gastrectomy’ with great interest. The reported about a morbid obese patient having porto-mesentric thrombosis after robotic sleeve gastrectomy due to obesity and mutation in methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) mutation. However, we have few factors to report on this aspect.
Firstly, MTHFR enzyme dysfunction leads to hyperhomocysteinemia which leads to hypercoagulation state. Yet, the magnitude of this state is affected via degree of enzyme deficiency/dysfunction which is dependent on presence of heterogeneous/ homogenous mutation in enzyme gene. So, the authors must assess for the presence of hyperhomocysteinemia along with assessment of mutation.[1,2] Also the genetic homogeneity of the mutation must be assessed as heterogeneous mutation will have less effect on blood homocysteine levels.
Next, the importance of folic acid for management of thrombotic state due to hyperhomocysteinemia must be considered. The patient has undergone sleeve gastrectomy which may further aggravate her vitamin and micronutrient deficiency. The administration of folic acid (instead of aspirin) will decrease the blood homocysteine levels and reduce the risk of hypercoagulation.
1. Friso S, Girelli D, Trabetti E, Stranieri C, Olivieri O, Tinazzi E, Martinelli N, Faccini G, Pignatti PF, Corrocher R. A1298C methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase mu...
1. Friso S, Girelli D, Trabetti E, Stranieri C, Olivieri O, Tinazzi E, Martinelli N, Faccini G, Pignatti PF, Corrocher R. A1298C methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase mutation and coronary artery disease: relationships with C677T polymorphism and homocysteine/folate metabolism. Clin Exp Med. 2002 May;2(1):7-12.
2. McQuillan BM, Beilby JP, Nidorf M, Thompson PL, Hung J. Hyperhomocysteinemia but not the C677T mutation of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase is an independent risk determinant of carotid wall thickening. The Perth Carotid Ultrasound Disease Assessment Study (CUDAS). Circulation. 1999 May 11;99(18):2383-8.
3. Zetterberg H, Regland B, Palmér M, Ricksten A, Palmqvist L, Rymo L, Arvanitis DA, Spandidos DA, Blennow K. Increased frequency of combined methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T and A1298C mutated alleles in spontaneously aborted embryos. Eur J Hum Genet. 2002 Feb;10(2):113-8.
4. Serapinas D, Boreikaite E, Bartkeviciute A, Bandzeviciene R, Silkunas M, Bartkeviciene D. The importance of folate, vitamins B6 and B12 for the lowering of homocysteine concentrations for patients with recurrent pregnancy loss and MTHFR mutations. Reprod Toxicol. 2017 Sep;72:159-163.