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Case report
Maternal complications of fetal triploidy: a case report


A 32-year-old woman underwent a medical termination in the second trimester of a spontaneously conceived triploid pregnancy after developing early-onset preeclampsia with subsequent haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome. Placental histology was normal (non-molar) and unusually, she developed ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) 4 weeks later. She was managed conservatively following multidisciplinary team input to exclude malignant pathology. The rarity of late-onset spontaneous OHSS could have resulted in inappropriate surgical management. In the absence of supportive treatment there is also a risk of the condition progressing to a critical stage. Follow-up ultrasonography after termination of pregnancy should be considered for women with evidence of ovarian hyperstimulation, particularly if other risk factors for OHSS are present. Delayed-onset OHSS should be considered in women presenting with bilateral cystic ovarian enlargement after triploid pregnancy.

  • obstetrics and gynaecology
  • abortion
  • pregnancy
  • ultrasonography

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